DeliriumBack to Nursing Essentials Crib Cards
Delirium is a medical emergency. It is an acute episode of confusion which can last for hours or months and is caused by reversible factors, most commonly physical illness.
In high risk patients, delirium can be caused by infection, acute illness, pain, changes in medication and hip fractures. Patients at highest risk are those who have cognitive impairments, are in intensive care or at the end of life.
|Nature of symptoms
|Worsened concentration, slow responses, new or increasing confusion.
|Visual or auditory hallucinations.
|Reduced mobility, reduced movement, restlessness, agitation, changes in appetite, sleep disturbance.
|Lack of co-operation with reasonable requests, withdrawal, alterations in communication, mood and/or attitude.
From NICE delirium guidance CG103